• Innovative Strategies for the Synthesis of Biologically Active Small Molecules
  • Giacomini, Elisa <1983>


  • CHIM/08 Chimica farmaceutica


  • The post genomic era, set the challenge to develop drugs that target an ever-growing list of proteins associated with diseases. However, an increase in the number of drugs approved every year is nowadays still not observed. To overcome this gap, innovative approaches should be applied in drug discovery for target validation, and at the same time organic synthetic chemistry has to find new fruitful strategies to obtain biologically active small molecules not only as therapeutic agents, but also as diagnostic tools to identify possible cellular targets. In this context, in view of the multifactorial mechanistic nature of cancer, new chimeric molecules, which can be either antitumor lead candidates, or valuable chemical tools to study molecular pathways in cancer cells, were developed using a multitarget-directed drug design strategy. According to this approach, the desired hybrid compounds were obtained by combining in a single chemical entity SAHA analogues, targeting histone deacetylases (HDACs), with substituted stilbene or terphenyl derivatives able to block cell cycle, to induce apoptosis and cell differentiation and with Sorafenib derivative, a multikinase inhibitor. The new chimeric derivatives were characterized with respect to their cytotoxic activity and their effects on cell cycle progression on leukemia Bcr-Abl-expressing K562 cell lines, as well as their HDACs inhibition. Preliminary results confirmed that one of the hybrid compounds has the desired chimeric profile. A distinct project was developed in the laboratory of Dr Spring, regarding the synthesis of a diversity-oriented synthesis (DOS) library of macrocyclic peptidomimetics. From a biological point of view, this class of molecules is extremely interesting but underrepresented in drug discovery due to the poor synthetic accessibility. Therefore it represents a valid challenge for DOS to take on. A build/couple/pair (B/C/P) approach provided, in an efficient manner and in few steps, the structural diversity and complexity required for such compounds.


  • 2013-04-30


  • Doctoral Thesis
  • PeerReviewed


  • application/pdf



Giacomini, Elisa (2013) Innovative Strategies for the Synthesis of Biologically Active Small Molecules, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze farmaceutiche , 25 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/5537.