• In vitro study of the osteocytes response to hypoxia and their regulation of bone homeostasis
  • Montesi, Monica <1983>


  • BIO/09 Fisiologia


  • Bone remodelling is a fundamental mechanism for removing and replacing bone during adaptation of the skeleton to mechanical loads. Skeletal unloading leads to severe hypoxia (1%O2) in the bone microenvironment resulting in imbalanced bone remodelling that favours bone resorption. Hypoxia, in vivo, is a physiological condition for osteocytes, 5% O2 is more likely physiological for osteocytes than 20% O2, as osteocytes are embedded deep inside the mineralized bone matrix. Osteocytes are thought to be the mechanosensors of bone and have been shown to orchestrate bone formation and resorption. Oxygen-deprived osteocytes seem undergo apoptosis and actively stimulate osteoclasts. Hypoxia and oxidative stress increase 150-kDa oxygen-regulated protein (ORP 150) expression in different cell types. It is a novel endoplasmic-reticulum-associated chaperone induced by hypoxia/ischemia. It well known that ORP 150 plays an important role in the cellular adaptation to hypoxia, as anti-apoptotic factor, and seems to be involved in osteocytes differentiations. The aims of the present study are 1) to determine the cellular and molecular response of the osteocytes at two different conditions of oxygen deprivation, 1% and 5% of O2 compared to the atmospheric oxygen concentration at several time points. 2) To clarify the role of hypoxic osteocytes in bone homeostasis through the detection of releasing of soluble factors (RANKL, OPG, PGE2 and Sclerostin). 3) To detect the activation of osteoclast and osteoblast induced by condition media collected from hypoxic and normoxic osteocytes. The data obtained in this study shows that hypoxia compromises the viability of osteocytes and induces apoptosis. Unlike in other cells types, ORP 150 in MLO-Y4 does not seem to be regulated early during hypoxia. The release of soluble factors and the evaluation of osteoclast and osteoblast activation shows that osteocytes, grown under severe oxygen deprivation, play a role in the regulation of both bone resorption and bone formation.


  • 2014-04-04


  • Doctoral Thesis
  • PeerReviewed


  • application/pdf



Montesi, Monica (2014) In vitro study of the osteocytes response to hypoxia and their regulation of bone homeostasis, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Biologia cellulare e molecolare , 26 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/6525.