• Neurodegenerative diseases: molecular mechanisms and new strategies for neuroprotection
  • Sita, Giulia <1986>


  • BIO/14 Farmacologia


  • The term neurodegeneration defines numerous conditions that modify neuron’s normal functions in the human brain where is possible to observe a progressive and consistent neuronal loss. The mechanisms involved in neurodegenerative chronic and acute diseases evolution are not completely understood yet, however they share common characteristics such as misfolded proteins, oxidative stress, inflammation, excitotoxicity, and neuronal loss. Many studies have shown the frequency to develop neurodegenerative chronic diseases several years after an acute brain injury. In addition, many patients show, after a traumatic brain injury, motor and cognitive manifestations that are close to which are observed in neurodegenerative chronic patients. For this reason it is evident how is fundamental the concept of neuroprotection as a way to modulate the neurodegenerative processes evolution. Neuroinflammation, oxidative stress and the apoptotic process may be functional targets where operate to this end. Taking into account these considerations, the aim of the present study is to identify potential common pathogenetic pathways in neurodegenerative diseases using an integrated approach of preclinical studies. The goal is to delineate therapeutic strategies for the prevention of neuroinflammation, neurodegeneration and dysfunctions associated to Parkinson’s disease (PD) and cerebral ischemia. In the present study we used a murine model of PD treated with an isothiocyanate, 6-MSITC, able to quench ROS formation, restore the antioxidant GSH system, slow down the apoptotic neuronal death and counteract motor dysfunction induced by 6-OHDA. In the second study we utilized a transgenic mouse model knockout for CD36 receptor to investigate the inflammation involvement in a long term study of MCAo, which shows a better outcome after the damage induced. In conclusion, results in this study allow underlying the connection among these pathologies, and the importance of a neuroprotective strategy able to restore neurons activity where current drugs therapies have shown palliative but not healing abilities.


  • 2015-04-14


  • Doctoral Thesis
  • PeerReviewed


  • application/pdf



Sita, Giulia (2015) Neurodegenerative diseases: molecular mechanisms and new strategies for neuroprotection, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze farmacologiche e tossicologiche, dello sviluppo e del movimento umano , 27 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/6991.