• Qualitative, Metabolic and Nutritional Aspects of Traditional and Innovative Minimally Processed Fruit
  • Tappi, Silvia <1980>


  • AGR/15 Scienze e tecnologie alimentari


  • Minimally processed fruit (MPF) are products that have to maintain their quality similar to those of fresh ones. Being metabolic active tissues, they show physical and physiological response to minimal processing (wounding), that negatively influence their shelf-life. In the last decades, novel non-thermal processing methods have attracted the interest of food scientists, industries and consumers as technologies useful for shelf-life extension or increasing product functionality, with a minimal impact on the nutritional and sensory properties of foods. The main aim of this PhD thesis was to investigate qualitative, metabolic and nutritional aspects of different MPF, submitted to traditional and innovative non-thermal processes. This issue was addressed considering the product as a dynamic system, both in terms of endogenous physiological activity and porous matrix interacting with the surrounding ambient (during processing and storage), through the application of multi-analytical approach. The most consistent results related to the applied non-thermal techniques confirmed their different potentiality in the optic of processing and product innovation, but the need of their modulation in relation to the different raw material susceptibility to degradation and final product target. Cold plasma treatment effects on fresh-cut fruit, characterized by different kind of stability criticisms, resulted mainly bound to the inactivation of degradative enzymes and microbial cells, without evidencing functional modifications in the final products. The study of osmotic dehydration and vacuum impregnation highlighted as these techniques can be successfully applied for cold formulation/enrichment of MPF, but also the necessity to carefully account for the metabolic and structural modifications induced by the processing on the vegetable tissues. An induction of metabolic stress response was also evidenced as a consequence of pulsed electric fields treatment related to electric field strength. Below the threshold limit of irreversible damages to cell membranes, the treatment promoted only slight and reversible modifications of the metabolic profiles.


  • 2016-05-27


  • Doctoral Thesis
  • PeerReviewed


  • application/pdf



Tappi, Silvia (2016) Qualitative, Metabolic and Nutritional Aspects of Traditional and Innovative Minimally Processed Fruit, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze e tecnologie agrarie, ambientali e alimentari , 28 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/7633.