• The Architecture of the Persian Period in the Levant
  • Khries, Hashem Mohammad Omar <1986>


  • L-OR/05 Archeologia e storia dell'arte del vicino oriente antico


  • The earliest scholars were not concerned about preparing extensive investigations linking the Persian-period building remains excavated in the entire Levant together. Moreover, the research interests of scholars caused some impediments to the study of this period viz in the last decades; the Achaemenid period has been neglected by the scholars who -in turn- focused on the earlier and later periods for religious reasons. Too, while some regions have been studied abundantly, but it was not the case in other areas, which makes our knowledge is incomplete. From the explanation side, some scholars try to interpret the architectural remains from an ethnic perspective or unsubstantiated personal fancies, so their arguments were utterly lacking any objectivity. This thesis explores what are the Persian architectural and ornamental impacts on the Levantine architecture and the relations between Persian-period sites in Syria-Palestine region. Too, the architectural remains and their contents benefited us to clarify the settlement patterns in the regions being discussed. The author analyzed the ground plans of the buildings and their architectural features and ornamental motifs by conducting a descriptive, analytical, and interpretative study. He also conducted comparisons with similar buildings outside the Levant, especially in Fars to obtain a more comprehensive and systematic study, and then extracting any direct or indirect Persian influences. This has given us a better understanding of the nature of the social, political, and religious life in the entire Levant and the knowledge gap has been bridged to a satisfying extent. This study has demonstrated a few of the Achaemenid impacts, especially on the northern coastline of the Levant.


  • 2016-07-22


  • Doctoral Thesis
  • PeerReviewed


  • application/pdf



Khries, Hashem Mohammad Omar (2016) The Architecture of the Persian Period in the Levant, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Archeologia e storia dell'arte , 28 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/7696.