• Materiali Politiofenici Otticamente Attivi
  • Brazzi, Alice <1982>


  • CHIM/04 Chimica industriale


  • Much effort has been devoted in the recent years to the investigation of optically active polythiophenes characterized by the presence of a chiral moiety linked to the 3-position of the aromatic ring. In addition to their potential technological applications as materials for enantioselective electrodes and membranes, chiral poly(thiophene)s offer the possibility of studying the structural changes accompanying the transition from the disordered state by following the variation of their chiroptical properties by circular dichroism (CD). In solution of a good solvent, that kind of polythiophenes doesn’t display any optical activity arising from the presence of dissymmetric conformation of the backbone, as shown by circular dichroism (CD) spectra. When the macromolecules begin to aggregate, as it occurs e.g. by addition of a poor solvent, or lowering the solution temperature, or when the macromolecules are assembled in the solid state as thin films obtained by solution casting or spin coating, significant CD bands are observed in the spectral region related to the electronic absorptions of the aromatic polythiophene chromophore. These CD bands are indicative of a chiral macromolecule arrangement of one prevailing chirality. The synthesis of -substituted polythiophenes can be carried out starting from the corresponding -substituted mono- or oligomeric thiophenic monomers under regioselective or regiospecific conditions in order to minimize or avoid the formation of head-to-head dyads unfavourably affecting the presence of coplanar conformations of thiophene rings as a consequence of steric interactions between the side-chain substituents, both in solution and in the solid state. To this regard, non-symmetrically substituted monomers require therefore to perform the polymerization in the presence of highly demanding catalysts and reaction condition, whereas with symmetrically substituted oligothiophenic monomers containing the -substituents located far apart from the reacting sites, it is instead possible to obtain regioregular macromolecules by adopting more simple and economic polymerization methods, such as, e. g., the chemical oxidative polymerization with iron (III) trichloride. In order to verify how the polymer structure affects its optical activity, further poly-3-alkylthiophenes, substituted by an enantiomerically pure chiral alkyl group, namely poli[3,3”-di[2((S)-(+)-2-methylbutoxy)ethyl]-2,2’:5’,2”-terthiophene] (PDMBOETT), poli[3,3’di[2((S)-(+)-2-methylbutoxy)ethyl]-2,2’-bitiofene] (PDMBOEBT), poli[3,3””-didodecyl-4’,3”’-di(S)-(+)-2-methylbutyl-2,2’:5’,2”:5”,2”’:5”’,2””-quinquethiophene (PDDDMBQT) have been synthesized and characterized by instrumental techniques. The spectroscopic behaviour of thin films of poly(DDDMBQT) has been investigated in the solid state under different sample preparation procedures. It was also compared with the behaviour of polymers previously made. The experimental results are interpreted in terms of influence of the side-chain substituents on the extent of planarity of the polymeric chains and the formation of optically active chiral aggregates. In recent years conjugated block copolymers have received considerable attention. It is well known that conjugated block copolymers composed of two electronically different blocks can have morphologic and optical properties, that differ from those of their homopolymers. A recent study has also shown that the electronic properties and the supramolecular organization of one conjugated block can also be influenced by the other block. In order to study better this behavior, a new conjugated block copolymers, composed of a regioregular hydrophylic block and a regioregular hydrophobic block namely poli[3[2-(2-metossietossi)etossi]metiltiofene]-co- poli[3(1-octilossi)tiofene], has been synthesized and characterized.


  • 2010-03-29


  • Doctoral Thesis
  • PeerReviewed


  • application/pdf



Brazzi, Alice (2010) Materiali Politiofenici Otticamente Attivi, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Chimica industriale , 22 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/2560.