• A multi-methodological approach for the study of polymorphism in organic pigments and pharmaceuticals
  • Rivalta, Arianna <1991>


  • CHIM/02 Chimica fisica


  • The study of polymorphism has an important role in several fields of materials science, because structural differences lead to different physico-chemical properties of the system. This PhD work was dedicated to the investigation of polymorphism in Indigo, Thioindigo and Quinacridone, as case studies among the organic pigments employed as semiconductors, and in Paracetamol, Phenytoin and Nabumetone, chosen among some commonly used API. The aim of the research was to improve the understanding on the structures of bulk crystals and thin films, adopting Raman spectroscopy as the method of choice, while resorting to other experimental techniques to complement the gathered information. Different crystalline polymorphs, in fact, may be conveniently distinguished by their Raman spectra in the region of the lattice phonons (10-150 cm-1), the frequencies of which, probing the inter-molecular interactions, are very sensitive to even slight modifications in the molecular packing. In particular, we have used Confocal Raman Microscopy, which is a powerful, yet simple, technique for the investigation of crystal polymorphism in organic and inorganic materials, being capable of monitoring physical modifications, chemical transformations and phase inhomogeneities in crystal domains at the micrometre scale. In this way, we have investigated bulk crystals and thin film samples obtained with a variety of crystal growth and deposition techniques. Pure polymorphs and samples with phase mixing were found and fully characterized. Raman spectroscopy was complemented mainly by XRD measurements for bulk crystals and by AFM, GIXD and TEM for thin films. Structures and phonons of the investigated polymorphs were computed by DFT methods, and the comparison between theoretical and experimental results was used to assess the relative stability of the polymorphs and to assist the spectroscopic investigation. The Raman measurements were thus found to be able to clarify ambiguities in the phase assignments which otherwise the other methods were unable to solve.


  • 2020-03-25


  • Doctoral Thesis
  • PeerReviewed


  • application/pdf



Rivalta, Arianna (2020) A multi-methodological approach for the study of polymorphism in organic pigments and pharmaceuticals, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Chimica , 32 Ciclo. DOI 10.48676/unibo/amsdottorato/9385.