• Shaping transverse beam distributions by means of adiabatic crossing of resonances
  • Capoani, Federico <1995>


  • FIS/07 Fisica applicata (a beni culturali, ambientali, biologia e medicina)


  • Non-linear effects are responsible for peculiar phenomena in charged particles dynamics in circular accelerators. Recently, they have been used to propose novel beam manipulations where one can modify the transverse beam distribution in a controlled way, to fulfil the constraints posed by new applications. One example is the resonant beam splitting used at CERN for the Multi-Turn Extraction (MTE), to transfer proton beams from PS to SPS. The theoretical description of these effects relies on the formulation of the particle's dynamics in terms of Hamiltonian systems and symplectic maps, and on the theory of adiabatic invariance and resonant separatrix crossing. Close to resonance, new stable regions and new separatrices appear in the phase space. As non-linear effects do not preserve the Courant-Snyder invariant, it is possible for a particle to cross a separatrix, changing the value of its adiabatic invariant. This process opens the path to new beam manipulations. This thesis deals with various possible effects that can be used to shape the transverse beam dynamics, using 2D and 4D models of particles' motion. We show the possibility of splitting a beam using a resonant external exciter, or combining its action with MTE-like tune modulation close to resonance. Non-linear effects can also be used to cool a beam acting on its transverse beam distribution. We discuss the case of an annular beam distribution, showing that emittance can be reduced modulating amplitude and frequency of a resonant oscillating dipole. We then consider 4D models where, close to resonance, motion in the two transverse planes is coupled. This is exploited to operate on the transverse emittances with a 2D resonance crossing. Depending on the resonance, the result is an emittance exchange between the two planes, or an emittance sharing. These phenomena are described and understood in terms of adiabatic invariance theory.


  • 2022-06-15


  • Doctoral Thesis
  • PeerReviewed


  • application/pdf



Capoani, Federico (2022) Shaping transverse beam distributions by means of adiabatic crossing of resonances, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Fisica , 34 Ciclo. DOI 10.48676/unibo/amsdottorato/10039.