• Photoactive (supra)molecular devices in double layer membranes
  • Paltrinieri, Erica <1987>


  • CHIM/03 Chimica generale e inorganica


  • Biological systems are complex and highly organized architectures governed by non-covalent interactions responsible for the regulation of essential tasks in all living organisms. These systems are a constant source of inspiration for supramolecular chemists aiming to design multicomponent molecular assemblies able to perform elaborated tasks, thanks to the role and action of the components that constitute them. Artificial supramolecular systems exploit non-covalent interactions to mimic naturally occurring events. In this context, stimuli-responsive supramolecular systems have attracted attention due to the possibility to control macroscopic effects through modifications at the nanoscale. This thesis is divided in three experimental chapters, characterized by a progressive increase in molecular complexity. Initially, the preparation and studies of liposomes functionalized with a photoactive guest such as azobenzene in the bilayer were tackled, in order to evaluate the effect of such photochrome on the vesicle properties. Subsequently, the synthesis and studies of thread-like molecules comprising an azobenzene functionality was reported. Such molecules were conceived to be intercalated in the bilayer membrane of liposomes with the aim to be used as components for photoresponsive transmembrane molecular pumps. Finally, a [3]rotaxane was developed and studied in solution. This system is composed of two crown ether rings interlocked with an axle containing three recognition sites for the macrocycles, i.e. two pH-switchable ammonium stations and a permanent triazolium station. Such molecule was designed to achieve a change in the ratio between the recognition sites and the crown ethers as a consequence of acid-base inputs. This leads to the formation of rotaxanes containing a number of recognition sites respectively larger, equal or lower than the number of interlocked rings and connected by a network of acid-base reactions.


  • 2022-06-22


  • Doctoral Thesis
  • PeerReviewed


  • application/pdf



Paltrinieri, Erica (2022) Photoactive (supra)molecular devices in double layer membranes, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Nanoscienze per la medicina e per l'ambiente , 34 Ciclo. DOI 10.48676/unibo/amsdottorato/10284.