• Microbiome and resitome and foods of animal origin
  • Oliveri, Chiara <1991>


  • VET/04 Ispezione degli alimenti di origine animale


  • To ensure food safety and to prevent food-borne illnesses, rapid and accurate detection of pathogenic agents is essential. It has already been demonstrated that shotgun metagenomic sequencing can be used to detect pathogens and their antibiotic resistance genes in food. In the studies presented in this thesis, the application shotgun metagenomic sequencing has been applied to investigate both the microbiome and resistome of foods of animal origin in order to assess advantages and disadvantages of shotgun metagenomic sequencing in comparison to the cultural methods. In the first study, it has been shown that shotgun metagenomics can be applied to detect microorganisms experimentally spiked in cold-smoked salmon. Nevertheless, a direct correlation between cell concentration of each spiked microorganism and number of corresponding reads cannot be established yet. In the second and third studies, the microbiomes and resistomes characterizing caeca and the corresponding carcasses of the birds reared in the conventional and antibiotic free farms were compared. The results highlighted the need to reduce sources of microbial contamination and antimicrobial resistance not only at the farm level but also at the post-harvest one. In the fourth study, it has been demonstrated that testing a single aliquot of a food homogenate is representative of the whole homogenate because biological replicates displayed overlapping taxonomic and functional composition. All in all, the results obtained confirmed that the application of shotgun metagenomic sequencing represents a powerful tool that can be used in the identification of both spoilage and pathogenic microorganism, and their resistome in foods of animal origin. However, a robust relationship between sequence read abundance and concentration of colony-forming unit must be still established.


  • 2022-07-05
  • info:eu-repo/date/embargoEnd/2024-01-01


  • Doctoral Thesis
  • PeerReviewed


  • application/pdf



Oliveri, Chiara (2022) Microbiome and resitome and foods of animal origin, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze e tecnologie agrarie, ambientali e alimentari , 34 Ciclo.