• A novel hybrid thermochemical-biological refinery integrated with power-to-X approach for obtaining biopolymers
  • Kucukaga, Yusuf <1991>


  • CHIM/01 Chimica analitica


  • In this study, a novel hybrid thermochemical-biological refinery integrated with power-to-x approach was developed for obtaining biopolymers (namely polyhydroxyalkanoates, PHA). Within this concept, a trilogy process schema comprising of, (i) thermochemical conversion via integrated pyrolysis-gasification technologies, (ii) anaerobic fermentation of the bioavailable products obtained through either thermochemistry or water-electrolysis for volatile fatty acids (VFA) production, (iii) and VFA-to-PHA bioconversion via an original microaerophilic-aerobic process was developed. During the first stage of proposed biorefinery where lignocellulosic (wooden) biomass was converted into, theoretically fermentable products (i.e. bioavailables) which were defined as syngas and water-soluble fraction of pyrolytic liquid (WS); biochar as a biocatalyst material; and a dense-oil as a liquid fuel. Within integrated pyrolysis - gasification process, biomass was efficiently converted into fermentable intermediates representing up to 66% of biomass chemical energy content in chemical oxygen demand (COD) basis. In the secondary stage, namely anaerobic fermentation for obtaining VFA rich streams, three different downstream process were investigated. First fermentation test was acidogenic bioconversion of WS materials obtained through pyrolysis of biomass within an original biochar-packed bioreactor, it was sustained up to 0.6 gCOD/L-day volumetric productivity (VP). Second, C1 rich syngas materials as the gaseous fraction of pyrolysis-gasification stage, was fermented within a novel char-based biofilm sparger reactor (CBSR), where up to 9.8 gCOD/L-day VP was detected. Third was homoacetogenic bioconversion within the innovative power-to-x pathway for obtaining commodities via renewable energy sources. More specifically, water-electrolysis derived H2 and CO2 as a primary greenhouse gas was successfully bio-utilized by anaerobic mixed cultures into VFA within CBSR system (VP: 18.2 gCOD/L-day). In the last stage of the developed biorefinery schema, VFA is converted into biopolymers within a new continuous microaerophilic-aerobic microplant, where up to 60% of PHA containing sludges was obtained.


  • 2023-01-05
  • info:eu-repo/date/embargoEnd/2025-01-01


  • Doctoral Thesis
  • PeerReviewed


  • application/pdf



Kucukaga, Yusuf (2023) A novel hybrid thermochemical-biological refinery integrated with power-to-X approach for obtaining biopolymers, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Chimica , 36 Ciclo.