- Neurogeometry of stereo vision

- Bolelli, Maria Virginia <1994>

- MAT/05 Analisi matematica

- This work aims to develop a neurogeometric model of stereo vision, based on cortical architectures involved in the problem of 3D perception and neural mechanisms generated by retinal disparities. First, we provide a sub-Riemannian geometry for stereo vision, inspired by the work on the stereo problem by Zucker (2006), and using sub-Riemannian tools introduced by Citti-Sarti (2006) for monocular vision. We present a mathematical interpretation of the neural mechanisms underlying the behavior of binocular cells, that integrate monocular inputs. The natural compatibility between stereo geometry and neurophysiological models shows that these binocular cells are sensitive to position and orientation. Therefore, we model their action in the space R3xS2 equipped with a sub-Riemannian metric. Integral curves of the sub-Riemannian structure model neural connectivity and can be related to the 3D analog of the psychophysical association fields for the 3D process of regular contour formation. Then, we identify 3D perceptual units in the visual scene: they emerge as a consequence of the random cortico-cortical connection of binocular cells. Considering an opportune stochastic version of the integral curves, we generate a family of kernels. These kernels represent the probability of interaction between binocular cells, and they are implemented as facilitation patterns to define the evolution in time of neural population activity at a point. This activity is usually modeled through a mean field equation: steady stable solutions lead to consider the associated eigenvalue problem. We show that three-dimensional perceptual units naturally arise from the discrete version of the eigenvalue problem associated to the integro-differential equation of the population activity.

- 2023-03-27

- Doctoral Thesis

- PeerReviewed

- application/pdf

urn:nbn:it:unibo-29270

Bolelli, Maria Virginia (2023) Neurogeometry of stereo vision, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Matematica