• L'infiammazione intestinale nell'animale sperimentale come modello per lo sviluppo di nuovi farmaci: ruolo della via tachichininergica nelle malattie infiammatorie intestinali
  • Ursino, Maria Grazia <1979>


  • BIO/14 Farmacologia


  • Background: Several lines of evidence showed that inflammation is associated with changes in the expression of tachykinins both in human and animal models. Tachykinins, including substance P (SP), are small peptides expressed in the extrinsic primary afferent nerve fibres and enteric neurons of the gut: they exert their action through three distinct receptors, termed NK1, NK2 and NK3. SP modulates intestinal motility and enteric secretion, acting preferentially through the NK1 receptor. SP neural network and NK1 receptor expression are increased in patients with inflammatory bowel disease, and similar changes were observed in experimental models of inflammation. The 2,4 Dinitrobenzene Sulphonic Acid (DNBS) model of colitis is useful to study innate immunity, non-specific inflammation and wound healing; it has been suggested that the transmural inflammation seen in this model resembles that found in Crohn’s disease and can therefore be used to study what cells and mediators are involved in this type of inflammation. Aim: To test the possible protective effect of the NK1 receptor antagonist SSR140333 on: 1) acute model of intestinal inflammation; 2) reactivation of DNBS-induced colitis in rats. Methods: Acute colitis was induced in male SD rats by intrarectal administration of DNBS (15 mg/rat in 50% ethanol). Reactivation of colitis was induced by intrarectal injections of DNBS on day 28 (7.5 mg/rat in 35% ethanol). Animals were sacrificed on day 6 (acute colitis) and 29 (reactivation of colitis). SSR140333 (10 mg/kg) was administered orally starting from the day before the induction of colitis for 7 days (acute colitis) or seven days before the reactivation of colitis. Colonic damage was assessed by means of macroscopic and microscopic scores, myeloperoxidase activity (MPO) and TNF-α tissue levels. Enzyme immunoassay was used to measure colonic substance P levels. Statistical analysis was performed using analysis of variance (one-way or two-way, as appropriate) with the Bonferroni’s correction for multiple comparisons. Results: DNBS administration impaired body weight gain and markedly increased all inflammatory parameters (p<0.01). Treatment with SSR140333 10 mg/kg significantly counteracted the impairment in body weight gain, decreased macroscopic and histological scores and reduced colonic myeloperoxidase activity (p<0.01). Drug treatment counteracted TNF-α tissue levels and colonic SP concentrations (acute model). Similar results were obtained administering the NK1 receptor antagonist SSR140333 (3 and 10 mg/kg) for 5 days, starting the day after the induction of colitis. Intrarectal administration of DNBS four weeks after the first DNBS administration resulted in reactivation of colitis, with increases in macroscopic and histological damage scores and increase in MPO activity. Preventive treatment with SSR140333 10 mg/kg decreased macroscopic damage score, significantly reduced microscopic damage score but did not affect MPO activity. Conclusions: Treatment with SSR140333 significantly reduced intestinal damage in acute model of intestinal inflammation in rats. The NK1 receptor antagonist SSR140333 was also able to prevent relapse in experimental colitis. These results support the hypothesis of SP involvement in intestinal inflammation and indicate that NK receptor antagonists may have a therapeutic potential in inflammatory bowel disease.


  • 2008-03-27


  • Doctoral Thesis
  • PeerReviewed


  • application/pdf



Ursino, Maria Grazia (2008) L'infiammazione intestinale nell'animale sperimentale come modello per lo sviluppo di nuovi farmaci: ruolo della via tachichininergica nelle malattie infiammatorie intestinali, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Farmacologia e tossicologia , 20 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/821.